James Delbourgo, Collecting the World : The Life and Curiosity of Hans Sloane, Londres, Allen Lane, 2017

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Recension de l’ouvrage par M. Cournil sur le site La vie des Idées

« Hans Sloane (1660-1753) was the greatest collector of his time, and one of the greatest of all time. His name is familiar today through the London streets and squares named after him on land he once owned (Sloane Square, Hans Place), but the man himself, and his achievements, are almost forgotten.
Born in the north of Ireland, Sloane made his fortune as a physician to London’s wealthiest residents and through investment in land and slavery. He became one of the eighteenth century’s preeminent natural historians, ultimately succeeding his rival Isaac Newton as President of the Royal Society, and assembled an astonishing collection of specimens, artefacts and oddities - the most famous curiosity cabinet of the age.
Sloane’s dream of universal knowledge, of a gathering together of every kind of thing in the world, was enabled by Britain’s rise to global ascendancy. In 1687 he travelled to Jamaica, then at the heart of Britain’s commercial empire, to survey its natural history, and later organised a network of correspondents who sent him curiosities from across the world. Shortly after his death, Sloane’s vast collection was then acquired - as he had hoped - by the nation. It became the nucleus of the world’s first national public museum, the British Museum, which opened in 1759.
This is the first biography of Sloane in over sixty years and the first based on his surviving collections. Early modern science and collecting are shown to be global endeavours intertwined with imperial enterprise and slavery but which nonetheless gave rise to one of the great public institutions of the Enlightenment, as the cabinet of curiosities gave way to the encyclopaedic museum. Collecting the World describes this pivotal moment in the emergence of modern knowledge, and brings this totemic figure back to life. »

James Delbourgo teaches History at Rutgers University and was Visiting Professor of History of Science at Harvard in 2016. He has written for the Los Angeles Review of Books, The Atlantic and Cabinet Magazine. His previous book A Most Amazing Scene of Wonders : Electricity and Enlightenment in Early America (2006) won the Thomas J. Wilson Memorial Prize. Collecting the World (2017) was named Book of the Week in The Guardian, The Times, the Daily Mail and The Week.

Page créée le mercredi 2 mai 2018, par Dominique Taurisson-Mouret.

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