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Date limite de soumission : vendredi 25 janvier 2019
RURAL HISTORY 2019 : European Rural History Organization International Conference
The past decade was marked by a new and massive investment phenomenon targeting land. Even if not always successful, thousands of new land acquisitions by private companies, investment funds, states or local elite did took place, and have dramatically extended the area concerned by large-scale agriculture (Borras et. al, 2014). Latin America, Africa, South-East Asia and Eastern Europa were the most affected regions, but in the meantime the agricultural models are experiencing rapid transformations (financialization, concentrations) in the Northern countries too (Purseigle et al, 2018).
These phenomena have been widely studied for what they signify concerning the reorganization of international supply chains, the role of states and institutions in the making of the deals, or for their strong impacts on the landscapes. That is to say, for their most spectacular, immediate, and intensively controverted consequences.
This panel aims rather at nurturing the comprehension of large-scale agriculture worldwide by reinserting it in the rural and popular histories. For that purpose, sociological, historical and ethnological insights are needed, as well as a focus on the people who make the big plantation : workers and managers (Peloso, 1999), agricultural engineers and advisers of every types (Brunier, 2016), families, traders, local judges and civil-servants.
Approaching these agricultural – industrial landscapes with the tools of social history and ethnography offers new scientific perspectives, as these spaces have often been studied as exceptional, as closed unities, enclaves. Refusing the enchanted narratives (the plantation as a harmonious community) as well as the miserabilistic ones (for which the relations of power are unilateral, and there is no daily life), we would like to address the coexistence of a variety of contractual forms (Arnoux, Béaur, Varet-Vitu, 2003), labor regimes (Murray Li, 2017) and power relations, gender and ethnic segmentations (Bourgois, 1989), and the diverse ways they are challenged and discussed (Conord, 2018 ; Burbank, 2004).
This panel aims therefore at documenting popular lives trajectories coming in and out of the estate, exploring the strong human connections between the later and far wider social spaces. The communications should focus on theses pathways, but also daily work experiences and negotiations, and the ways of living and inhabiting in the area of the plantation, through wage-work but also petty trade, small-scale agriculture, services to the workers, etc.
This doing, we shall try to identify some common patterns between the experiences lived on different continents. Everywhere, large-scale agriculture forms a very specific, segregated sector among the modern, formal economy and employment market it claims to extend to rural spaces, with specific ways of mobilizing and stabilizing its workforce. It shall thus not be surprising to discover common ways of dealing with the constraints of living and working in these spaces, a result that could inspire further scientific developments.
The two young researchers organizing this panel are PhD students who’ve been investigating these topics in the recent years. Our interest is also in building a network of colleagues studying the same objects.
Gaspard Matton, CRALMI (UMR 8168) – CMH, gaspard.matton chez gmail.com
Guillaume Vadot, IMAF (UMR 8171 CNRS et 243 IRD), guillaume.vadot chez sciencespo.fr
Please send us your projects before the 25th of January. A paper must include a title, the full name and affiliation of author and co-author(s), and a short abstract (up to 400 words) introducing the topic, its scope and approach.
ARNOUX, Mathieu, BEAUR, Gérard, VARET-VITU, Anne (dir.), Exploiter la Terre. Les contrats agraires de l’Antiquité à nos jours. Actes du colloque de Caen (10-13 septembre 1997), Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2003.
BLETZER, Keith, « Open Towns and Manipulated Indebtedness among Agricultural Workers in the New South », American Ethnologist, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Nov., 2004), pp. 530-551
BORRAS, Saturnino, EDELMAN, Marc, OYA, Carlos, Global Land Grabs. History, Theory and Method, Routledge, 2014, 364 p.
BOURGOIS, Philippe, Ethnicity at Work : Divided Labor on a Central American Banana Plantation, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, 257 pp.
BRUNIER, Sylvain, Le Bonheur dans la modernité. Conseillers agricoles et agricultures (1945-1985), Lyon, ENS Editions, 2018, 286 pp.
BURBANK, Jane, Russian Peasants Go to Court. Legal Cultures in the Countryside, 1905-1917, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2004, 400 pp.
CONORD Fabien, La Terre des autres : le métayage en France depuis 1889, Editions du Bourg, 2018.
ISAACMAN, Allen, ROBERTS, Richard (dir.), Cotton, Colonialism, and Social History in Sub-Saharan Africa, Londres, Heinemann, 1995, 315 p.
KONINGS, Piet, Labour Resistance in Cameroon. Managerial Strategies and Labour Resistance in the Agro-Industrial Plantations of the Cameroon Development Corporation, Leiden, African Studies Center, Heineman, 1993, 203 p.
LEGRAND, Catherine, « Colombian transformations : Peasants and wage-labourers in the Santa Marta Banana Zone », The Journal of Peasant Studies, 11:4, 1984, pp. 178-200.
MURRAY LI, Tania, “The Price of Un/Freedom : Indonesia’s Colonial and Contemporary Plantation Labor Regimes”, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 59, pp. 245-276, 2017.
PELOSO, Vincent, Peasants on Plantations : Subaltern Strategies of Labor and Resistance in the Pisco Valley, Peru, Duke University Press, 1999, 280 pp.
PURSEIGLE, François, NGUYEN, Geneviève, BLANC, Pierre, Le Nouveau Capitalisme Agricole. De la ferme à la firme, Presses de Sciences Po, 2017.
Du 10 au 13 septembre 2019 (EHESS, Paris)
Page créée le dimanche 6 janvier 2019, par Dominique Taurisson-Mouret.